Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder involving the common pattern of hyperactivity, impulsivity and/or inattention that interferes with development and learning. Children with ADHD can have problems organizing and executing tasks in school and other areas of their life. They can easily be distracted and often times cannot sit still for very long.
Behavior problems may also exist such as not being able to wait one’s turn or interrupting and disturbing others’ conversations and activities. Symptoms can present as early as ages 3-6, and a comprehension evaluation by a clinician is necessary for diagnosis.
It is estimated that 20-50% of children with XY chromosome disorders experience ADHD. Consequently, children who have ADHD have an increased risk of also having an XY chromosome disorder.
Screening for XY chromosome disorders for children with ADHD could be critical for proper diagnosis and treatment, and more investigation on this issue is needed to learn more about the coexistence of these related disorders.